Subjective idealism

Subjective idealism
the doctrine that reality or knowledge is founded on ideas (mental experience). Depending on the specific ideal, idealism is usually juxtaposed with materialism or realism.
• Objective idealism - is an idealistic metaphysics that postulates that there is in an important sense only one perceiver, and that this perceiver is one with that which is perceived.
• German idealism - a movement in philosophy, started with Immanuel Kant's transcendental idealism, centered in Germany. Many prominent exponents include Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.
• Subjective idealism - a philosophy in which human experiences are based on perceptions.
• Transcendental idealism - the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and later Kantian and German Idealist philosophers; a view according to which our experience is not about the things as they are in themselves, but about the things as they appear to us. It differs from standard (empirical) idealism in that it does not claim that the objects of our experiences would be in any sense within our mind. The idea is that whenever we experience something, we experience it as it is for ourselves: the object is real as well as mind-independent, but is in a sense corrupted by our cognition (by the categories and the forms of sensibility, space and time). Transcendental idealism denies that we could have knowledge of the thing in itself. A view that holds the opposite is called transcendental realism.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

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  • subjective idealism — subjective idealist. Philos. a doctrine that the world has no existence independent of sensations or ideas. Cf. objective idealism. [1875 80] * * * ▪ philosophy       a philosophy based on the premise that nothing exists except minds and spirits… …   Universalium

  • Subjective idealism — George Berkeley is credited with the development of subjective idealism. Subjective idealism is a metaphysical theory which holds that only perceptions, ideas, and minds exist. The simplest and most common version of subjective idealism combines… …   Wikipedia

  • subjective idealism — noun 1. : the theory that nature does not have any real existence independent of perceiving minds : berkeleianism 2. : the doctrine that an absolute ego dialectically evolves the world : fichteanism contrasted with objective idealism * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • subjective idealism — See idealism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • idealism —    Idealism about something in philosophy is the doctrine that it is ideal , that is, mind dependent. There are three main forms of idealism: (1) subjective idealism, which holds that what we think of as physical things exist only because they… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Idealism — The 20th century British scientist Sir James Jeans wrote that the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine This article is about the philosophical notion of idealism. For other uses, see Idealism… …   Wikipedia

  • idealism — /uy dee euh liz euhm/, n. 1. the cherishing or pursuit of high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc. 2. the practice of idealizing. 3. something idealized; an ideal representation. 4. Fine Arts. treatment of subject matter in a work of art… …   Universalium

  • idealism — Any doctrine holding that reality is fundamentally mental in nature. The boundaries of such a doctrine are not firmly drawn: for example, the traditional Christian view that God is a sustaining cause, possessing greater reality than his creation …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Idealism — the doctrine that reality or knowledge is founded on ideas (mental experience). Depending on the specific ideal, idealism is usually juxtaposed with materialism or realism. • Objective idealism is an idealistic metaphysics that postulates that… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • idealism — (Roget s IV) n. 1. [Devotion to high principles] Syn. perfectionism, high mindedness, aspiration, sense of duty, humanitarianism, meliorism, utopianism, Romanticism, quixotism, knight errantry, impracticality, idealization, principle, virtue,… …   English dictionary for students

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